When using the Apache JServ Protocol (AJP), care must be taken when
trusting incoming connections to Apache Tomcat. Tomcat treats AJP
connections as having higher trust than, for example, a similar HTTP
connection. If such connections are available to an attacker, they can be
exploited in ways that may be surprising. In Apache Tomcat 9.0.0.M1 to, 8.5.0 to 8.5.50 and 7.0.0 to 7.0.99, Tomcat shipped with an AJP
Connector enabled by default that listened on all configured IP addresses.
It was expected (and recommended in the security guide) that this Connector
would be disabled if not required. This vulnerability report identified a
mechanism that allowed: - returning arbitrary files from anywhere in the
web application - processing any file in the web application as a JSP
Further, if the web application allowed file upload and stored those files
within the web application (or the attacker was able to control the content
of the web application by some other means) then this, along with the
ability to process a file as a JSP, made remote code execution possible. It
is important to note that mitigation is only required if an AJP port is
accessible to untrusted users. Users wishing to take a defence-in-depth
approach and block the vector that permits returning arbitrary files and
execution as JSP may upgrade to Apache Tomcat 9.0.31, 8.5.51 or 7.0.100 or
later. A number of changes were made to the default AJP Connector
configuration in 9.0.31 to harden the default configuration. It is likely
that users upgrading to 9.0.31, 8.5.51 or 7.0.100 or later will need to
make small changes to their configurations.
mdeslaur> In environments where the AJP connector is enabled, care should
mdeslaur> be taken to not expose the AJP port to attackers, either by
mdeslaur> using a firewall to block the AJP port, or by binding it to
mdeslaur> localhost by using address="" in the AJP configuration.
mdeslaurIn Ubuntu packages, the AJP connector is disabled by default,
so unless specifically enabled by an admin, deployments made
using the package are not vulnerable to this issue.

One of the upstream fixes for this issue renames the
requiredSecret parameter to secret and adds a secretRequired
parameter that defaults to "true". Adding this change to stable
releases will result in servers failing to start until the
administrator either changes secretRequired to "false", or
configures an adequate secret. Apache starting supporting a
secret in mod_proxy_ajp starting with 2.4.42, which means to
enable a secret we will have to issue Apache updates with
the backported secret support.
More Information

Updated: 2021-10-21 02:54:46 UTC (commit 1bbbce2fb1a3c15b20fcf10f0073e1fb6ad43ae6)