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Ubuntu Policy Manual
Appendix F - Alternative versions of an interface - update-alternatives (from old Packaging Manual)


When several packages all provide different versions of the same program or file it is useful to have the system select a default, but to allow the system administrator to change it and have their decisions respected.

For example, there are several versions of the vi editor, and there is no reason to prevent all of them from being installed at once, each under their own name (nvi, vim or whatever). Nevertheless it is desirable to have the name vi refer to something, at least by default.

If all the packages involved cooperate, this can be done with update-alternatives.

Each package provides its own version under its own name, and calls update-alternatives in its postinst to register its version (and again in its prerm to deregister it).

See the man page update-alternatives(8) for details.

If update-alternatives does not seem appropriate you may wish to consider using diversions instead.


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Ubuntu Policy Manual

version 3.8.2.0ubuntu1, 2009-06-19

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